There are three distinct categories of crimes:
In turn, these categories have differing levels of severity and are subdivided.
In general, a felony is a crime that is punishable by a sentence of more than 365 days of incarceration all the way up to death. (Sentences of longer than 365 days are usually served in state prisons while sentences of less than 365 days are usually served in a county jail.)
Felonies include crimes such as murder, theft, burglary, serious drug possession and or distribution, rape, robbery assaults and kidnapping.
A misdemeanor is generally punishable by less than 365 days in jail. Misdemeanors charges includes minor theft, minor assault, some forms of drug possession, harassment and serious motor vehicle / driving violations.
An infraction is usually a “ticket” type of offense where resolution is either paying the fine or appearing in a lower court.
Infractions are not reportable offenses for employment purposes unless the case is escalated into a misdemeanor.
For information on Criminal Record Non-Conviction Terms And Definitions: Click Here
Acquitted - Non-conviction: The charges against the defendant are dropped.
Adjudicated Guilty - Conviction: The defendant has been found guilty of the charges.
Adjudication Withheld - Non-conviction: The court does not give a final judgment regarding the case.
The defendant is given probation, a program or community service in which they have a specified amount of time to complete.
If the defendant complies, the case may be dismissed, depending on the county/state. If they do not dismiss in that particular county/state, then the disposition remains adjudication withheld and the case is closed.
However, if the defendant is found in violation, the case disposition may be changed and the defendant can be found in guilt.
Adjudicated Guilty / Delinquent in Juvenile Court
When this charge appears it simply means that the person was adjudicated guilty in a regular court or found guilty in juvenile court.
It most likely has nothing to do with juvenile court. That is just the way the statute reads.
Aggregate: Accumulated Amount
Alford plea An Alford guilty plea and the Alford doctrine), in United States law, is a guilty plea in criminal court, whereby a defendant in a criminal case does not admit to the criminal act and asserts innocence.
In entering an Alford plea, the defendant admits that the evidence presented by the prosecution would be likely to persuade a judge or jury to find the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
ARD Program - Non-conviction: Stands for "Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition Program". Common in the state of Pennsylvania. This program given to the defendant in place of adjudication. If the defendant completes the program, the case is closed.
Assault B-I: Assault to cause bodily injury.
Bail/Bond Forfeiture - Non-conviction: The charges against the defendant are dropped. Not enough evidence to convict.
Burgl Habitation: Breaking into someone’s house.
CAPIAS - This word, the signification of which is 'that you take,' is applicable to many heads of practice. Several writs and processes commanding the sheriff to take the person of the defendant are known by the name of capias.
For example: there are writs of capias ad respondendum, writs of capias ad computandum, writs of capias ad satisfaciendum, etc., each especially adapted to the purposes indicated by the words used for its designation.
Concurrent: Sentence taking place or existing at the same time as another.
Conditional Discharge - Non-conviction: The defendant has no finding of guilt. The court is discharging him/her from trial on special conditions that they must abide by. If they do not abide by these conditions, the discharge may be revoked and the finding may become guilty.
Consent Decree - Conviction: This is found in New Mexico. It is designed as a disposition for juvenile cases in which the defendant pleas guilty and is place on the decree/probation for six months.
Convicted - Conviction: The defendant has been found guilty of the charges.
Criminal Misc: Vandalism.
Dangerous Drugs: Possession/Delivery of Controlled Substance.
Dead Docket:Charges dropped / no further action taken, it is usually attached to other charges that the offender plea-bargained on.
Dead Docket -Non-conviction: Often seen in Fulton, Georgia. Not enough evidence that shows the defendant is guilty or that he is innocent. So case is set aside. If not brought back up, case is closed.
Deadly Conduct: Wielding a dangerous weapon, i.e. knife, gun, etc., or threatening to cause harm onto someone.
Declined: DA Declined to Prosecute. Not enough evidence to take to grand jury.
Deferred Judgment - Non-conviction: The defendant has no finding of guilt. The judgment is set-aside for a deferred amount of time and the defendant must comply with any conditions give to him/her.
The case can be dismissed depending on the county/state if defendant completes all requirements.
DIS TRCON DEV: Disregard of a Traffic Control Device.
Dropped - Non-conviction: Not enough evidence to convict the defendant.
FIX: Striking a highway fixture or landscape of greater than $200.00.
FLID UV: Failure to Identify Fugitive- Unable to verify.
FMFR: Failure to Maintain Financial Responsibility.
Fraud Remains Writing: Intent to destroy or fraud an application of some type.
Freetext: Handwritten information next to the record that did not transfer over to the database. This does not affect the actual record.
FSRA: Failure to Stop and Render Aid.
FTA: Failure to Appear.
Fugitive File: The case has not been to trial. Found in Virginia. The same as Returned Unserved below.
Guilty - Conviction: It has been proven that the defendant committed the crime.
Guilty in Absentia - Conviction: The jury has found the defendant guilty without his having appeared in court.
Ignored - Non-conviction: The case never went to trial. It was ignored by the state.
Indec w/ child: Indecency with a Child.
MTN SUPRS GTD: Motion to Supress Granted.
MVI: Moving Vehicle Incident.
NDL: No Driver's License.
Misdemeanor Intervention Program - Non-conviction: A program designated only for misdemeanor offenses in which the defendant may comply to the conditions of the program in order to avoid a conviction.
No Action - Non-conviction: The court dropped the case and did no continue with the charges.
No bill by grand jury: Not enough evidence to indict on charges.
No Billed - Non-conviction: The District Attorney never sent the case to court and it was not tried.
No Information Filed - Non-conviction: Mostly found in Florida. It means the case has been dropped.
No Papered - Non-conviction: The paperwork was never sent to the court by the District Attorney and the case was never filed. Therefore, it was never brought to trial.
Nolo Contendré - Conviction: Latin for "No Contest". The defendant has pled no contest to the charges against him or her. Therefore the court finds him or her guilty.
Nolle Prosse - Non-conviction: Latin for "Not Prosecuted". This means there was not enough evidence to convict the defendant. The case is dropped.
Non-Adjudication of Guilt - Non-conviction: Same as adjudication withheld.
Not Guilty - Non-conviction: A jury or judge trial finding that the defendant is innocent.
Other - Non-conviction: Defendant is given special provisions for one year to abide by since this is a first offense. If no further violation of the same nature, case is closed.
Pending: The case has not been to trial at this time. There is no disposition to report.
Pled Guilty - Conviction: The defendant has pled guilty to the charges against him/her and the court accepts the plea as a conviction.
Prayer for Judgment - Non-conviction: Deferred Prosecution, meaning state did not prosecute. Often seen in North Carolina. For example, with worthless checks it gives the defendant a chance to pay the check before being charged.
Pre-Trial Intervention - Non-conviction: A program the defendant is placed in before going to trial. If the defendant complies prior to trial time, the trial will not be held for the charge and the defendant is not convicted.
Process Other - Non-conviction: Defendant was not charged on this count due to being charged for another count.
Prohib Sub Jail: Possessing a prohibited substance in a correctional facility.
PWC/Theft: Passing Worthless Checks.
Refused - Non-conviction: The case never went to trial. The state refused to hear the case.
Rejected - Non-conviction: The case never went to trial. The state rejected the hearing of the case.
Responsible - Non-conviction: The defendant is responsible for the payment of the fines or fees of the crime. They are not found in guilt, however, must pay what they are ordered. Often found on traffic tickets or minor violation.
Retaliation: Person commits this offense with the intension or knowingly harms or threatens to harm another; i.e. prospective witness or informant; to prevent or delay the service of another such as a public servant or prospective witness.
Returned Unserved: The case has not been to trial at this time. Found in North Carolina. A warrant, summons or paper from the district attorney's office was issued for delivery to the defendant to appear for trial; however, the defendant could not be located.
Therefore, the case is technically pending, however, the paperwork was never served.
SEDD: or (SEC EXE DOCUMENT DEC) Securing Execution of Document by Deception.
Shock Probation: Placed into rehab for the crime committed. The rehab illustrates what kind of harm they have placed on the victim by having the criminal listen to stories and videos of actual victims.
Stet Docket - Non-conviction: Will not prosecute at this time. Eligible to be re-opened for one year if a violation is committed during that time. After the one-year period and no violations have been committed, it cannot be re-opened and the case is closed.
Stricken Off Leave - Non-conviction: Often seen in Illinois. Stricken off docket with the ability to reinstate at a later date if deemed case can be prosecuted. This is often because the prosecutors run out of time to prosecute.
Theft Check 20: Theft by check for less than $20.
Record Before 1994: Theft of property less than $750.
Enhanced: Has been convicted at least 2 times before for the same crime. Considered 3rd Degree felony.
Record After 1994: Theft of property less than $1500.
Enhanced: Has been convicted at least 2 times before for the same crime. Considered State Jail Felony.
Waived - Conviction: Mainly found in the state of North Carolina. This means the defendant has waived his/her right to trial and has pled guilty to the charges. In turn, the court accepts the plea of guilt.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- UPF = (unlawful possession firearm by felon)
Uuev = (unlawful use of emergency vehicle)
Uumv = (unauthorized use of motor vehicle)
Aa by pub serv = (aggravated assault by public servant)
Aa/dw = (aggravated assault with a deadly weapon)
Aa/sbi = (aggravated assault causes severe bodily injury)
Aa/witness = (aggravated assault against witness)
Aa/pub serv = (aggravated assault against public servant)
Aa/po = (aggravated assault against peace officer)
Act phys asst w/o lic = (act as physician asst without license)
Agg aslt dw = (aggravated assault with a deadly weapon)
Agg aslt sbi = (aggravated assault causes severe bodily injury)
Agg kidnap = (aggravated kidnapping)
Agg prom prost = (aggravated promotion of prostitution)
Agg rob dw = (aggravated robbery with a deadly weapon)
Agg sex a-v ch drugs = (aggravated sexual assault child)
Agg sex a-v ch dw = (aggravated sexual assault child)
Agg sex a-v ch fear = (aggravated sexual assault child)
Agg sex a-v ch sbi = (aggravated sexual assault child)
Agg sex a-v ch/14 = (aggravated sexual assault child)
Agg sex a-v concert = (aggravated sexual assault)
Agg sex a-v concert ch = (aggravated sexual assault)
Agg sex a-v drugs = (aggravated sexual assault)
Agg sex a-v dw = (aggravated sexual assault with deadly weapon)
del mj = (delivery of marijuana dispense cs = (unlawful dispense dangerous drug) fsra = (failure to stop and render aid)
flid = (failure to id) fwi = (flying while intoxicated)
dwi = (driving while intoxicated) dui =
(driving while under the influence)
ibc = (issuance of bad check)
dwls = (driving while license suspended)
Ind exp = (indecent exposure)
inj invalid = (injury to disabled body)
int oral comm = (interception wire/oral/electronic communication)
keep gamb place = (keeping a gambling place)
interfer po = (interference w/duties of public servant)
mansi = (manslaughter)
mfr dang drug = (manufacturing dangerous drug)
neg hom = (negligent homicide)
theft serv 20k = (theft >=$20K<$100K)
theft serv 100k = (theft >=$100K<$200K)
theft serv200k = (theft >=$200K)
theft serv 20 = (theft >=$20<$50)
ucw = (unlawful carrying of weapon)
sedd = (securing execution of document by deception)
vssa = (violation of state securities act)
Terms and Meanings of Criminal Non-Convictions
There are multiple terms that tell us a criminal charge is a non-conviction. The terms used in any given court jurisdiction around the country can vary while essentially meaning the same thing.
The following terms are examples of commonly used court rulings that mean a case is a straight non-conviction, or a non-conviction without stipulations:
Not Guilty Dismissed Nolle Prosequi (Nolle Prosse) No Bill No True Bill No Action Acquitted
Similar terms specific to certain geographic areas:
Stricken Off without Leave to Reinstate (Illinois) No Information Filed (Florida) Not Responsible (North Carolina)
Some of those terms mean the same thing, while others mean things very similar. They can offer clues as to when a court decided on the non-conviction. A good example is Nolle Prosequi, which usually occurs very soon after a case is filed and probably even before an indictment.
The term Nolle Prosequi loosely means “We do not wish to prosecute”. On the other end of the spectrum an Acquitted ruling could come much later in the chain of events most likely after a trial.
Dismissed, the catch-all, occurs in different time periods throughout a case.
Whatever the scenario, under each of these terms, the end result was that the subject was not convicted and there is nothing the named defendant owes to the court. There are some judgments that are equivalent to a non-conviction but have stipulations. This occurs when a court sentences a defendant but does not consider the judgment a conviction.
Even though the defendant served a sentence they wouldn’t have to disclaim conviction.
Probation is usually a part of this sentencing along with the possibility of fines and sometimes even short jail terms.
A guilty plea or nolo contendre (no contest) plea can be associated with the cases where a court decides to sentence but not convict. Plea bargains can play a role in a judge’s decision too. The following terms are associated with this type of disposition:
Disclaimer None of the information contained in this web site should be construed as legal advice. All forms, policies, information and procedures should be reviewed by your legal counsel before being used in any way.