Components of a Drug-Free Workplace Policy Guide


Drug-free workplace programs can help employers create safe, cost-effective, and healthy workplaces. Most successful drug-free workplace programs have five key components:

  1. A written policy

  2. Employee education
  3. Supervisor training
  4. An employee assistance program (EAP)
  5. Drug testing

Written Policy

A clearly written policy forms the foundation of your drug-free workplace program. At minimum, your policy should include:

  • The rationale for the policy, such as organizational goals and compliance with laws or regulations
  • Expectations for compliance, including who, what, when, and where
  • Assistance options to support employees in following the policy
  • Consequences for violating the policy

Learn more about   developing a policy

Employee Education

Employees at all levels should be prepared for the implementation of the drug-free workplace policy and program. Everyone in the organization needs information about the problems associated with substance misuse. Be sure to provide education and training that reinforces healthy attitudes and behaviors and deepens awareness on how substance misuse can affect employee health and employment.

Supervisor Training

Customized training for supervisors can help maximize the effectiveness of your drug-free workplace policy and program. Supervisors should be well-informed about the policy and program and be aware of legally sensitive areas.

They must also be trained on how to document potential problems in a fair and systematic manner, honor confidentiality, and refer employees to appropriate services. Supervisors may also need training on how to help employees reintegrate into the workplace after receiving services.

Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs)

EAPs are designed to help employees with personal problems that may affect their job performance. Although some EAPs focus on problems related to alcohol and other drugs, most address a range of issues and can provide a variety of services.

Two professional associations—the   International Employee Assistance Professionals Association (EAPA) and the   Employee Assistance Trade Association (EASNA)have developed certification procedures for EAP providers.

Learn more about   providing support with an EAP.

Drug Testing

Drug testing is one way to protect your workplace from the negative effects of substance misuse. Conducting drug testing may help your organization comply with federal regulations or insurance carrier requirements. It can improve workplace safety and reduce costs from misuse of alcohol and other drugs in the workplace. A drug-testing program can also deter employees from coming to work unfit for duty.

Learn more about drug testing.

Publications and Resources

Last Updated: 07/19/2019


For a complete look at the Federal SAMHSA program guide: Click Here

Florida Drug Free Workplace Guide Click Here

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None of the information contained in this web site should be construed as legal advice. All forms, policies, information and procedures should be reviewed by your legal counsel before being used in any way.

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